Maybe it was the indoctrination. The mai Umar b. No one knows exactly why some women who were captured and abused became killers. Illustration by Edward Francis Finden, Al-Kanami fought several campaigns to protect territory and by the midth century had become the most powerful person in Borno. Borno is now among the poorest states in Nigeria, but in the 13th century Kanem-Borno was one of the most extensive kingdoms in sub-Saharan Africa.
This custom of marking the faces of children was done to identify the family and ethnicity of a person, though the practice is now in decline. But there have been few joyous family reunions for the victims. Outside Dalori, an army captain stands by the front gate. Records of the formation of the Sokoto Caliphate, circa The ultimate goal of the reformers was to establish a state modeled upon the nascent Muslim state in 7th-century Medina.